Internship in the SOLAS IPO at GEOMAR, 14-18 August 2017, Kiel, Germany

Alina spend one week working with us in the SOLAS IPO at GEOMAR.

This is her report:

My name is Alina Correll, I am 17 years old and I visit the 11th grade of Bergstraßen-Gymnasium Hemsbach. In the week from 12th to 18th August 2017, I was given the opportunity to do an internship in the International Project Office of the ‘Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study’ (SOLAS) at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany. It was an eventful week during which I learned a lot about marine biology, how and where to study it and what kind of job possiblilites one has. Furthermore, I gained many impressions on working at the GEOMAR.
The internship started at the project office, where Dr. Jessica Gier welcomed me to SOLAS and explained the aimes and the approach of the project to me. I was surprised by the huge number of scientists from all over the world working together in one project.
Afterwards, we went on a guided tour to the Technology and Logistics Centre where I saw and learned about the research vessel of GEOMAR and its underwater vehicles like for example the Remotely Operatet Vehicles (ROVs), the famous submersible ‘Jago’ and other Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV ABYSS).  In addition to storing all of those technical instruments, there are tanks in which they can be tested and a factory hall where new equipment can be built. It was very fascinating to see all those vehicles which seem quite inconspicuous and small but are packed with the newest technologies and work under extreme conditions.
On my second day, Dr. Jessica Gier and I visited the Zoological Museum of Kiel University with its exhibitions ‘Future Oceans’ and ‘Deep Sea’, which were created in cooperation with GEOMAR. Furthermore, the museum displays many marine specimen among which are 12 original whale skeletons that I found highly interesting. I spent the rest of the day in the SOLAS Project Office, gaining insight on the work as a project officer and helped with some tasks like designing a logo advertising the SOLAS summer school or compiling e-mail lists.
In order to be able to experience some work in the field of research, I had the possibility to spent one day at the laboratory of  the research unit ‘marine microbiology’ where I learend a lot about working in a laboratory, did fascinating experiments of which I could do some by myself. After Dr. Kristina Bayer had provided me with detailed explanations on the main research topics of the unit and familiarised me with the security instructions, she showed me around the laboratory, explaining the most important instruments. After that, we worked with the ‘cell sorter’, a quite new piece of equipment used at GEOMAR that can differentiate between the cells of different species of algae or bacteria with the help of laser rays and can then separate them into test tubes. Afterwards, we took a look onto some of those algae under the microscope.                              
As scientists often have to take care of marine animals or plants they are doing research on, I spent one day as a trainee at the GEOMAR Aquarium where I fed the animals and cleaned their tanks.
My last day was again spent in the SOLAS Project Office where I helped Dr. Jessica Gier and Dr. Emilie Brévière. Again, it was very amazing to see the huge amount of communication between scientists from all over the world.

All in all, I had a very interesting internship. I really enjoyed my time at the GEOMAR and am grateful for the experiences I was able to make and the information and insights which I gained on scientific work. I am now quite sure that I want to study marine biology. Thanks to all the friendly people I met during this week, who were very patient explaining me everything, and answering all my questions.  Special thanks to Dr. Emilie Brévière and Dr. Jessica Gier for making this internship possible and spending so much time with me.

Alina Correll

Kiel, 18th August 2017

 
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Meeting on 'air-sea interaction, policy and stewardship', 14-15 June 2017, Roma, Italy

A small meeting on 'air-sea interaction, policy and stewardship' will take place in Rome, Italy on 14-15 June 2017, co organised by Emilio Cocco, Christa Marandino and Erik van Doorn. It is a follow up event of the SOLAS Science and Society workshop that took place in Brussels last October. Visit http://bit.ly/2sm9056

Workshop on 'Frontiers in ocean-atmosphere exchange: Air-sea interface and fluxes of mass and energy', 15-18 May 2017, Cargese, Corsica, France

From the 15th until the 18th of May 2017 the SOLAS science workshop "Frontiers of ocean-atmosphere interaction: Air-sea interface and fluxes of mass and energy" took place at IESC in Cargèse, Corsica. The facilities bordering the Mediterranean Sea provided a perfect setting. IESC is a well known venue for the SOLAS community, as it hosted the 2011 SOLAS Summer School (and will again in 2018).

It was a busy and fruitful week. A colourfull group of senior and early-career scientists as well as PhD students took part in the programme of morning plenary sessions, afternoon breakout sessions and the daily 'open-air' poster exhibition.

Research to the ocean surface microlayer from a large diversity of approaches and backgrounds was presented in this workshop. Topics ranged from advances in biochemical research to wave modelling, and from the interaction between the microlayer and clouds to rain-induced sea surface anomalies.

The ocean surface microlayer (OSML) provides significant challenges for both observationalists and modellers. To improve our understanding of the OSML and how it affects air-sea exchange processes, interaction and collaboration between different research communities is essential and still needs to be further advanced.

The organizers would like to thank all speakers and participants to the workshop for their contributions. A full report of the workshop will be made available through the SOLAS website in the coming months.

The organizers would like to thank all speakers and participants to the workshop for their contributions, and also the sponsors ONRG, ESA, SOLAS, WCRP and the University of Galway.  A full report of the workshop will be made available through the SOLAS project website later in the year.

Workshop website: http://airsea.nuigalway.ie/cargese/workshop

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Workshop participants (alphabetical order): Magdalena Anguelova, Tom Bell, Oyvind Breivik,  Adrian Callaghan, Kai Christensen, Kyla Drushka, Anneke ten Doeschate, Anja Engel, Leonie Esters, Luisa Galgani, Valentina Giunta, Luciá Gutiérrez-Loza, Nathalie Hayeck, Sok Kuh Kang, Kyeong Ok Kim, Ilan Koren, Stéphane Laussac, Peter Liss, Anoop Mahajan, Christa Marandino, Wade McGillis, Nicholas Meskhidze, Francesc Peters, Henry Potter, Lucia Robles Diaz, Anna Rutgersson, Matt Salter, Joel Sudre, Graig Sutherland, Liselotte Tinel, Royston Uning, Penny Vlahos, Evangelos Voyiatzis, Rik Wanninkhof, Brian Ward, Johnson Zachariah, Sebastian Zeppenfeld.

Community workshop on the development of CATCH (Cryosphere and ATmospheric CHemistry), 19-20 April 2017, Guyancourt, France

**A full report of this workshop, and more, is available as SOLAS Event Report Issue 4.**

The CATCH mission is to facilitate atmospheric chemistry research within the international community, with a focus on natural processes specific to cold regions of the Earth. Cold regions include areas which are seasonally or permanently covered by snow and ice, from the high mountains to the polar ice sheets and sea ice zones as well as regions where ice clouds that undergo chemistry are found.
CATCH is an emerging IGAC Activity on Chemistry, Biology and Physics in Cold Regions.

CATCH scientists will aim to understand and predict:

  • How aerosols are formed and processed in cold regions;
  • How cold region aerosols act as and impact cloud properties;
  • Feedbacks between climate change and atmospheric chemistry that are determined by changes in the cryosphere;
  • How the ice core record can be used to understand global environmental change;
  • How physical, chemical, biological, and ecological changes in sea ice and snow impact atmospheric chemistry;
  • How microbiology adapts and impacts biogeochemical cycling of elements in ecosystems of cold environments; and
  • Establish background composition (trace gases and aerosols) in cold regions that are undergoing industrialization as well as impacted by climate change.

More information available at http://igacproject.org/CATCH

The first CATCH community workshop was held in Guyancourt, France on 19-20 April 2017. The workshop was co-sponsored by IGAC, SOLAS, and the French project PARCS. The main aim of the first CATCH workshop was to initiate development of a cross-disciplinary research community and establish linkages within neighboring disciplines including atmosphere, ocean, ice, snow, biology, clouds, dynamics, and fundamental chemistry. The workshop also aimed to foster future collaborative work by highlighting cross-disciplinary research questions and identifying future research needs/opportunities. A more detailed workshop report will be released soon!

To stay up to date with CATCH's news, subscribe to the CATCH mailing list here and read the last CATCH Newsletter May 2017 here.

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Workshop participants: Alexander Becky, Bartels-Rausch Thorsten, Browse Jo, Burkhart John, Corrochano Pablo, DallOsto Manuel, DiBiagio Claudia, Dommergue Aurelien, Edebeli Jacinta, Eirund Gesa, Falk Stefanie, France James, Frey Markus, Geng Lei, Giordano Michael, Griffiths Paul, Grilli Roberto, Guzman Marcelo, Halfacre Wes, He Xucheng, Heger Dominik, Hendriksen Niels Bohse, Jokinen Tuija , Jones Anna, Kim Kitae, Larose Catherine, Law Kathy, Lizotte Martine, Maffezzoli Niccolò, Marelle Louis, McClure-Begley Audra, Melamed Megan, Murphy Jennifer, Murray Ben, Pratt Kerri, Ram Kirpa, Saiz-Lopez Alfonso, Sinnhuber Björn-Martin, Stutz Jochen, Thomas Jennie, Tremblay Samantha, Turquety Solene, Uttal Taneil, Voisin Didier, Willis Megan, Yang Xin

Annual meeting of BEPSII, 3-5 April 2017, La Jolla, USA

** A full report of this 2017 annual meeting, and more, is available as SOLAS Event Report Issue 3.**

Official BEPSII website: https://sites.google.com/site/bepsiiwg140/home

Download the article on BEPSII published in January 2017 in the PICES Newsletter. It depicts the beginning of BEPSII few years back.

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Meeting participants: Front row left to right: Jeff Bowman, Jacqueline Stefels, Letizia Tedesco, Maria Vernet, Daiki Nomura, Melissa Chierici, Ag-neta Fransson, Ana Aguila-Islas, Nadja Steiner, Marie Kotovitch, Lisa Miller, Daniella Koenig, Marion Lebrun, Bonnie Raf-fel, James France.
Back row left to right: Klaus Meiners, Max Thomas, Martin Vancoppenolle, Eric Mortenson, Ollie Legge, Florian Deman, CJ Mundy, Brent Else, Jens Ehn, Francois Fripiat, Lynn Russel, Janne Rintala

SOLAS workshop on 'Valuing carbon and the ocean's role', 30 March- 1 April 2017, Monaco

A workshop focusing on valuing carbon and the ocean’s role was held in Monaco in March this year, as a follow up to the SOLAS Science and Society Workshop held in Brussels in October, 2016. Dr. Nathalie Hilmi and the Centre Scientifique de Monaco (CSM) hosted the event, which was the kick off to Ocean Week in Monaco. The workshop took place in the conference room of the CSM on 30-31 March, with a closed scientific discussion about valuing carbon and the ocean's role, and on 1 (morning) April 2017, with a public session in plenary to discuss outcomes and next steps. As a final overture for Ocean Week, which was organised by the Foundation Prince Albert II, an ocean manifesto was created and was signed on April 3rd by the following leaders, in the presence of Mr. Karmenu Vella, Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries:

  • H.S.H. The Prince Albert II of Monaco
  • Mrs Ségolène Royal, French Minister of the Environment, Energy and Marine Affairs, responsible for International Climate Relations
  • Mr. Gian Luca Galletti, Italien Ministre of the Environment, Protection of Land and Sea.

This non-binding manifesto aims to protect oceans and has already been signed by over a hundred MOW participants. Each participant is invited to add her/his signature if she/he wishes to.

We were a small, international group, with participants from Canada, Nigeria, Germany, France, the UK, and Monaco, as well as remote attendance from India and China. The goal of the workshop was to write an interdisciplinary review paper, entitled “The Ocean’s role in CO2 mitigation”, related to blue carbon and the open ocean and shelf areas. The expertise of the participants ranged from law to economics to carbon cycling within the Earth system and gas exchange, with much in between.

The overall objective of the SOLAS Science and Society meetings is to perform scientific research at the boundaries of natural and social science, with an interface to stakeholders and policymakers. The value-added in this workshop was to join scientific disciplines on this societally relevant topic that is largely unexplored to date and to convey the messages to decision-makers. As such, we are able to develop a comprehensive manuscript that includes the economic value of carbon in the ocean, extending past the typical coastal blue carbon content.

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Workshop participants: Martin Johnson, Nathalie Hilmi, Erik van Doorn, Christa Marandino, Helmuth Thomas, Mary Omolara, Manoranjan Mishra, Alain Safa, Laura Recuerto Virto, Denis Allemand, Peter Swarzenski, Olga Anghelici, Shang Chen, Dorothée Herr.

Two GESAMP WG38 workshops in parallel, 27 February- 2 March 2017, Norwich, UK

**A full report of these workshops, and more, is available as SOLAS Event Report Issue 1.**

From February 27 to March 2 2017, two workshops took place at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK under the auspices of the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP) Working Group 38.

Internship at the SOLAS IPO in GEOMAR, 22-28 February 2017, Kiel, Germany

Tanja visited the SOLAS IPO for a week and this is her report:

Internship at the SOLAS International Project Office, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

My name is Tanja Wirtz and I visit the 10th grade of the Franziskus Gymnasium Vossenack. From 22-28 February 2017, I had the opportunity to do an internship at the International Project Office (IPO) of the Surface Ocean – Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS) at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel. This internship provided me with several interesting impressions.

At the beginning, Dr. Emilie Brévière and Dr. Juergen Weichselgartner welcomed me and I was introduced to the SOLAS project, its scope, structure, and the various activities to study the interactions between ocean and atmosphere. I could gain insights in the daily work of an international research project. For instance, I helped designing a new scientific poster for SOLAS. Furthermore, I had the chance to follow a job interview. Two candidates applied for a science officer position at the IPO. This experience will be certainly useful for my own applications in the future. On the second day, I attended a lecture by Professor Andreas Schmittner. His lecture “Reconstructing the glacial ocean: very weak Atlantic overturning and iron fertilization maximize carbon storage” was really interesting, although I am not used to listening to presentations in English. I discovered that English plays an important role in science. Therefore, good English skills are essential to communicate globally and exchange results of scientific experiments. Another great experience was my day at the Aquarium of GEOMAR, where I fed different animals and plants, as well as cleaned the aquariums. As a result, I learned a lot about these creatures and their habitats. It was a very exciting practice, especially feeding the seals and the new-born sea horses.

The internship was fun and I gained much experience. The IPO staff was really friendly and I learned a lot about scientific work. Thanks to Dr. Emilie Brévière and Dr. Juergen Weichsel­gartner for providing this possibility. I was really impressed by the amount of communication and cooperation between the local staff and their global network. Their work is very important for our society and our planet.

 

Tanja Wirtz

Kiel, 28 February 2017

 

Ocean Acidification Training and Community Networking in Africa: Pathways to Success, 13-16 February 2017, Dakar, Senegal

**A full report of this event, and more, is available as SOLAS Event Report Issue 2.**

Training and networking events on ocean acidification took place for the first time in West Africa at Dakar (Senegal). The events were organized by Future Earth Coasts with the support of KOSMOS Energy, SOLAS, MaREI, OA-ICC, IRD, to name a few, represented by participants of the events.

The training workshop assembled 15 participants from Senegal, Benin, Togo, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, and Cote d’Ivoire, and 6 trainers coming from France, Sweden, USA, Spain and South Africa. Lectures and discussions covered an introduction to oceanic conditions off West Africa, the goal and urgency to study ocean acidification, as well as the chemistry involved in the acidification of the ocean and its impacts on marine biodiversity. Theory was about ocean acidification, measurement techniques, design of relevant acidification experiments, and manipulations in the field and in the laboratory. One day field trip was organized for practical training where aquarium experiments of ocean acidification were built up in real time. The trainees received their certificates of completion.

Next to the training, a networking event took also place with interactions with the training participants on plenary sessions. About 17 networking participants were coming from Nigeria, Ghana, Morocco, Tunisia, Kenya, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Tanzania, Algeria, Togo, Benin, Egypt, Madagascar, Senegal, and South Africa. Presentations and discussions took place for developing the OA-Africa network and knowledge exchange on operational outcomes and identification of current needs (resources and capacity), identification of collaboration opportunity including funding, and of outputs and avenues for dissemination in Africa. Plans for white papers were presented to define current knowledge of OA-Africa and next steps forward. A steering committee involving researchers from Africa was then designed to provide guidance and direction of the network.

A dinner event was hosted where a range of NGOs, practitioners and government officials from Senegal was invited along with the scientists. This event recognised the importance of involving organisations and stakeholders based in Senegal who can provide important in-country context, expertise, and experience. This dinner event provided an opportunity to connect to researchers, NGOs, and government officials in Senegal who are working tirelessly to manage environmental and ocean resources with scientists and students working on ocean acidification across Africa.

SOLAS in Asia: A Future SOLAS Symposium, 26-28 October 2016, Qingdao, China

When we outlook the future of SOLAS, not only in coordination in cross-disciplinary basic research, but also in climate and ecosystem services, challenges remain. Asian countries have made considerable contributions to SOLAS in the broad context of international collaborations, especially in the fields of ocean carbon cycle, air-sea exchange and atmospheric deposition to oceans. Considering Asian countries acting as the world economic engines, SOLAS studies therein should strengthen internal collaborations and pioneer some international collaboration programs to better service future social-economic activities on the earth.

This Future SOLAS symposium aimed to foster the exchange of ideas and knowledge between Asian scientists as well as the communication with the international community and to promote collaborations within Asian countries for SOLAS research and activities over the next decade.

Organizer: Ocean University of China

Sponsors:

  • National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 
  • Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, China
  • Key laboratory of Marine Environment and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China
  • State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Sciences, Xiamen Unveirsty, China

Contacts: Xiaohuan Liu (liuxh1983@ouc.edu.cn), Xin Chi (chixin@ouc.edu.cn)

Symposium programme available here.

SOLAS Workshop on `SOLAS Science and Society`, 26-27 October 2016, Brussels, Belgium

A free workshop on the topic of `SOLAS Science and Society` took place in late October 2016. The workshop brought together researchers in the field of ocean-atmosphere interactions and social scientists.

One of the goals of Future Earth, the newest SOLAS sponsor, is to more tightly couple science and society. This is a rather bold new step for SOLAS scientists, as to date the most intense coupling in our community has been only on the topic of geoengineering. During the SOLAS Open Science Conference in Kiel in September, 2015, a discussion session was held regarding this idea. One aim of the discussion was to identify SOLAS scientists interested in pursuing this integrating effort and some ideas on topics and procedures. The main outcome of the discussion was that there is clear interest within the SOLAS community to participate in joint scientific research with social scientists.

In order to facilitate this process, a two-day workshop focusing on three separate topics was held.

  • Valuing carbon and the ocean’s role,
  • (In)Forming policy across the air-sea interface, and
  • The shipping industry and air-sea interactions.

See full announcement.

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Participants of the workshop.

SOLAS/ESA Workshop "Harnessing Remote Sensing to Address Critical Science Questions in the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface", 13-15 June 2016, Frascati, Italy

A highly successful workshop sponsored by SOLAS and ESA took place 13-15 June 2016 at the ESA facilities in Frascati, Italy. The workshop was based around the topic of “Harnessing Remote Sensing to Address Critical Science Questions in the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface".
A first report is available **here**

A commentary manuscript is now being prepared for the journal Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene and will present to the Earth system science community the new ideas generated at this workshop, including how existing and possibly future remote sensing tools could be used to answer these questions.

Swedish - SOLAS Science Symposium, 27-28 August 2014, Gothenburg, Sweden

A Swedish-SOLAS Open Science Symposium will be held 27-28 Aug 2014 in Gothenburg,Sweden. Both established and young researchers from Swedish institutions/universities carrying out SOLAS-related science are very welcome to join this event. Registration is required but free of charge. Symposium Website

SOLAS Symposium Day 2014, 19 June 2014, Rehovot, Israel

A SOLAS symposium took place on the 19 June 2014 in Israel in the Lopatie Conference Centre at the Weizmann Institute of Science. It was aimed at interdisciplinary exchange of ideas, insights, and knowledge, between scientists whose work deals with SOLAS related processes. In total 19 talks were given on a broad range of SOLAS topics and the day ended with a poster session. The symposium also marked the beginning of the national network of SOLAS Israel. Symposium Website

Future SOLAS Workshop, 9-10 January 2014, Galway, Ireland

On 9-10 January, Brian Ward from the National University of Ireland in Galway with support of the SOLAS International Project Office hosted a successful workshop. Current and former SOLAS Scientific Committee members, early career scientist and IPO staff met to further develop and plan SOLAS in its next phase. Special interest was taken in considering the outcome of the community consultation that took place during the last couple of months in 2013 and the input of the highly constructive early career scientist workshop that took place in early December of last year. Major steps have been accomplished in the layout of Future SOLAS in the context of the current SOLAS scientific sponsors and the Future Earth initiative. A document describing the next phase of SOLAS is well underway, an advanced draft is expected to be ready in late spring/early summer 2014.

Future SOLAS early career scientist workshop, 3-5 December 2013, Plymouth, UK

Dr. Tom Bell from the Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) hosted a very successful workshop to brainstorm on the scientific scope of Future SOLAS. Thirteen bright and highly motivated SOLAS early career scientists from around the world, many of them SOLAS Summer School alumni (< 10 years after PhD), met and constructively brainstormed about the next 10 years of SOLAS. To help place Future SOLAS in the context of the Future Earth initiative, two socio-economists from PML were invited to join them. Together the group defined what ecosystem services mean in terms of Future SOLAS science and identified where the natural and social sciences can work together. The recommendations and outcome of this workshop will feed into a document describing the next phase of SOLAS.
 
Download a full report about the workshop by Sarah Lawson **here**

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Swedish Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study Workshop, 18-19 November 2013, Stockholm, Sweden

About 25 SOLAS scientists from Swedish Institutions met at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. Three SOLAS Scientific Steering Committee members and three representatives of Swedish funding agencies joined them to discuss on how to enhance the engagement of Swedish researchers in SOLAS, in particular in the context of the Future Earth initiative. The participants successfully established a matrix mapping Swedish capacity in relation to the SOLAS broad scientific scope and a list of current members of the Swedish network. They are currently working on providing a complete annual report to SOLAS and setting up collaborations. They also discussed options about having such a workshop annually. This successful workshop was initiated, organised and supported by the Swedish Secretariat for Environmental Earth System Sciences (SSEESS).

Workshop on 'the role of marine gel for the emission of primary organic aerosols from the ocean' 11-13 Dec 2012, Kiel, Germany

Conveners: Caroline Leck and Eric Saltzman
Co-sponsored by IGAC
Download the workshop program

Download the workshop report

Workshop participants

Workshop on 'HitT- Climate impact of seasalt-derived Cl atoms' 17-19 Dec 2012, Kiel, Germany

Conveners: Roland von Glasow and Eric Saltzman
Co-sponsored by IGAC
Download the workshop agenda (25kB)
Download the workshop short report (78kB)
Download the workshop minutes by Hannah Mantle (94kB)

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Workshop participants at GEOMAR

Workshop on 'Towards an integrative regional coupling in the EBUS', 26-27 November 2012, Lima, Peru

Workshop handbook (pdf 1.1MB)
Workshop report (pdf 0.25MB)
Photos gallery: participants pictures, collage

- last update August 2017 -