Implementation Strategy

SOLAS chose to use a pragmatic approach with a continually-evolving 2-year implementation strategy, which makes the document a moving target that is annually updated. See SOLAS Activities 2022-2023 Table here.

Theme 1: Greenhouse gases and the oceans

Theme 1 focuses on physical and biogeochemical processes in the surface ocean that play an important role in controlling the ocean-atmosphere greenhouse gas fluxes, which is critical for the mitigation of climate change.

Read more

Theme 2: Air-sea interface and fluxes of mass and energy

Theme 2 focuses on ocean-atmosphere fluxes and their critical role for climate regulation, as well as on physical, chemical, and biological processes affecting exchange of gases, mass, and energy across the air-sea interface.

Read more

Theme 3: Atmospheric deposition and ocean biogeochemistry

Theme 3 focuses on the relationships between natural and anthropogenic atmospheric inputs, the marine carbon cycle, and feedbacks to climate. Atmospheric deposition is an important nutrient source for marine ecosystems.

Read more

Theme 4: Interconnections between marine ecosystems, aerosols, clouds

Theme 4 focuses on the interconnections between marine ecosystems, aerosols, and clouds, with the overall goal of reducing the related climate uncertainties. Clouds are a key component of the Earth’s water cycle.

Read more

Theme 5: Ocean biogeochemical control on atmospheric chemistry

Theme 5 focuses on the role of marine biogeochemical controls on the release and atmospheric chemistry of reactive and climate active gases, and how that will evolve in the changing ocean and atmosphere.

Read more

Integrated Studies of High Sensitivity Systems

In the complex, non-linear system of the surface ocean and lower atmosphere, the five SOLAS core themes interact and influence each other. Understanding the processes involved and making predictions will not be possible by studying these themes independently.

Read more

Climate Intervention

A multi-disciplinary focus on the interface between the ocean and atmosphere places SOLAS in an ideal position to provide fundamental knowledge that will inform assessment of the two primary forms of climate intervention.

Read more

Science and Society

SOLAS has recognised that greater efforts are needed to increase interaction between natural scientists and social scientists – especially in the light of anthropogenic influence on the ocean-atmosphere system.

Read more